Uk Japan Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
The United Kingdom and Canada today signed a bilateral nuclear cooperation agreement (NCA), the third such agreement signed this year by the United Kingdom in preparation for its withdrawal from the European Union. It will allow the UK and Canada to continue their «mutually beneficial» civil nuclear cooperation if the current European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) agreements no longer apply to the UK, the Department for the Economy, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) said. On 2nd, Canada and the United Kingdom adopted a new Nuclear Cooperation Agreement (CBA) to continue current and future nuclear exchanges between the two countries after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). Agreement between the Government of Japan and the European Atomic Energy Community on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, recognising the importance of a high degree of transparency in the management of plutonium in order to reduce the risk of nuclear proliferation and to ensure the protection of workers, the public and the environment, the United Kingdom has signed an exchange of notes with the Japanese Government, which refers to our 1998 Bilateral Nuclear Cooperation Agreement (ACA). This will allow the United Kingdom and Japan to continue our mutually beneficial cooperation on the peaceful use of nuclear energy if the current Euratom agreements no longer apply to the United Kingdom. Meanwhile, the United Kingdom and Japan are currently negotiating a formal memorandum of amendment to the 1998 bilateral agreement. 1. In accordance with Article 2 of the Agreement, the Parties shall develop cooperation in the field of research and development for the peaceful and non-explosive use of nuclear energy between themselves and their installations and as regards the Community, in so far as this falls within the scope of their specific programmes. The Parties or, where appropriate, their agencies may allow the participation of researchers and organisations from all sectors of research, including universities, laboratories and the private sector, in such cooperation. The Parties shall also facilitate such cooperation between persons in this field. 2.
Nuclear material, equipment and non-nuclear material transferred in accordance with this Agreement and nuclear material recovered or produced as a by-product may be used only for peaceful purposes. nor shall they be used for nuclear explosive devices, for research or development of such a device. Another provision is put in place to achieve the effect of the agreement, which may enter into force on the first day of withdrawal, or only outstanding administrative or national implementing measures for the agreement to enter into force on the first day. 2. Nuclear material transferred under this Agreement and nuclear material recovered or produced as by-products shall be subject: in the case of nuclear material, the consumption of nuclear material shall be established in accordance with the provisions on the termination of safeguards provided for in the relevant agreements referred to in Article 8(1), of this Agreement; or in such a way that it is no longer usable or has become practically irremediable for a nuclear activity relevant from the point of view of the safety measure. Where the host third country is a non-nuclear State, all nuclear material of that country shall be and shall be subject to the application of security measures by the Agency. Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters between the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the Government of Canada on the replacement of `the Interim Agreement on enrichment, reprocessing and subsequent storage of nuclear material in the Community and Canada` set out in Annex C to the Agreement in the form of an Exchange of Letters of 16 January 1978 between Euratom and the Government of Canada, the Government of Japan and the Community: to cease all or part of all cooperation under this Agreement or to denounce this Agreement and to demand the return of compliant nuclear material to be transferred in accordance with this Agreement. .